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Tenant rights and rent control laws play a pivotal role in safeguarding the interests of tenants while maintaining a balance with the rights of landlords. In this blog post, we will delve into the key aspects of tenant rights and rent control laws in Bangladesh.

Tenant Rights in Bangladesh

1.       Right to a Written Agreement: As a tenant in Bangladesh, you have the right to a written tenancy agreement. This agreement should clearly outline the terms and conditions of your tenancy, including the rent amount, duration of the tenancy, and responsibilities of both parties.

2.       Protection from Discrimination: Discrimination against tenants on the basis of religion, gender, race, or other characteristics is prohibited by law. Landlords must treat all tenants equally and fairly.

3.       Right to Privacy: Tenants have the right to enjoy their rented premises without unwarranted intrusion from the landlord. Landlords can only enter the property under specific circumstances and with prior notice.

4.       Repairs and Maintenance: Landlords are responsible for maintaining the property in a habitable condition. If there are necessary repairs, the landlord must address them promptly. Tenants should report any maintenance issues to the landlord.

5.       Security Deposit: Landlords can collect a security deposit from tenants, but it should be reasonable. This deposit should be returned to the tenant at the end of the tenancy, minus any legitimate deductions for damages or unpaid rent.

In Bangladesh, most people dwell as a tenant of other premises and most tenant faces difficulties in coping with the rise in rent every year. However, the enactment of the Rent Control Act 1991 came as a rescue with the objective of keeping rents under control and reasonable for the tenants. In addition, this act also gives protection in upholding the rights and interests of both landlords and tenants. This article will give an overview of the legal rules related to renting, the legal meaning of Landlord and tenant, required documents for the rental agreement, power of a controller, rights, and duties of Landowner and tenant, how to serve notice, tax payment of house property, etc. In addition, we also focus on the penalty system, suit filing, and other related matters.

Bangladesh has implemented rent control laws to ensure fair and reasonable rent prices, especially in urban areas where demand for rental properties is high. Here are some key points regarding rent control laws:

1.       Rent Ceilings: Rent control laws in Bangladesh set maximum rent amounts that landlords can charge. These ceilings aim to prevent exorbitant rent increases and protect tenants from being priced out of their homes.

2.       Rent Increases: Landlords are generally prohibited from increasing the rent during the term of the tenancy. If a landlord wishes to raise the rent, they must provide the tenant with written notice, and any increase must be reasonable.

3.       Rent Control Court: In the event of a rent-related dispute, either the tenant or landlord can approach the Rent Control Court for resolution. The court will examine the case and ensure that rent control laws are followed.

4.       Eviction Restrictions: Rent control laws also provide certain protections against eviction. A landlord can only evict a tenant with a valid reason, such as non-payment of rent or violation of the lease agreement.

Illegal eviction of a tenant

As per the provision of this Act, a Landlord cannot evict a tenant without giving prior notice. But a landlord can evict a tenant without giving prior notice under some special circumstances, which are as bellows:

·         If the tenant has done any act contrary to the provision of the Act.

·         If the tenant has done any act contrary to sec 108 of Transfer of Property Act-1882.

·         In the absence of any written contract, if the tenant has sublet any premises without the consent of the landlord.

·         The tenant has been guilty of any public nuisance of adjoining or neighboring premises.

·         Where the landlord can show satisfactory cause to the court that the premises are bona fide as required by the landlord.

·         If the tenant has been using the premises or allowing the premises to be other for economic purposes.